Amul Founder Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel Dairy Industry Visionaries-2-getinstartup (2)

Amul Founder: Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel – Dairy Industry Visionaries

At what stage Amul is today we all know that and this company is the largest dairy company today now, which alone holds 60% of the market share in India. Amul has not become a big company in few days the Amul founder who has created the history is non-other than the father of the white revolution Dr. Verghese Kurien, and founder of the Kaira dairy farmers’ union Tribhuvandas Patel. So Stay tuned as we explore the fascinating world of Amul, where the legacy of Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel continues to shape the lives of farmers and consumers alike.

Early Life and Education of Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel

The Amul founder Dr. Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel were two Indian men who played a major role in the development of the dairy industry in India. Verghese Kurien was born in 1921 and Tribhuvandas Patel was born in 1903. Both men came from poor families but excelled in their studies. Kurien studied physics and mechanical engineering, while Patel studied law.

Amul Founder Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel Dairy Industry Visionaries-3-getinstartup

In the 1940s, Kurien and Patel became involved in the cooperative movement by believing that cooperatives could help to improve the lives of farmers by providing them with a way to market their products and get a fair price. In 1946, Kurien and Patel helped to establish the Amul Dairy Cooperative in Anand, Gujarat. Amul became a model for dairy cooperatives around the world.

They both were awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s third-highest civilian award. Kurien is known as the “Father of the White Revolution” in India, while Patel is known as the “Father of the Anand Dairy Cooperative.” Both men made significant contributions to the development of India and the dairy industry.

Tribhuvandas Patel: The Architect of the Cooperative Movement

Amul Founder Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel - Dairy Industry Visionaries-1-getinstartup

Tribhuvandas Patel, born in 1903, laid the foundation for the Amul cooperative movement. Recognizing the exploitation faced by farmers at the hands of middlemen, Patel envisioned a system that would empower farmers through collective action. In 1946, he founded the Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers’ Union Limited (now known as Amul Dairy) in Anand, Gujarat.

Under Patel’s leadership, Amul pioneered the concept of a farmer-owned dairy cooperative. The formation of cooperatives allowed farmers to join forces, eliminate middlemen, and gain control over milk production and pricing. Patel’s approach empowered farmers by ensuring fair returns for their milk, breaking the cycle of exploitation and poverty.

Verghese Kurien Amul Founder and Architect of Operation Flood

Verghese Kurien, often referred to as the “Milkman of India,” joined Amul in 1949 and played a pivotal role in transforming it into a global success story. Armed with his engineering and management expertise, Kurien shared Patel’s vision of empowering farmers and taking the cooperative movement to new heights.

Kurien’s most significant contribution was the establishment of the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) in 1973. GCMMF served as an apex body to market the milk produced by various dairy cooperatives under the Amul brand. Kurien’s marketing genius and innovative strategies helped Amul create a strong brand presence in India and abroad.

Amul Founder Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel Dairy Industry Visionaries-5-getinstartup

Furthermore, Kurien led Operation Flood, the world’s largest dairy development program. This initiative aimed to replicate the success of Amul’s cooperative model across the country. Under Kurien’s guidance, Operation Flood transformed India from a milk-deficient nation to the world’s largest milk producer. The program integrated millions of small-scale farmers into the cooperative framework, empowering them and providing a sustainable livelihood.

Impact and Legacy

The impact of Amul founder visionary leadership extends far beyond Amul’s success. The cooperative model they make revolutionized the dairy industry in India, empowering millions of farmers and bringing socio-economic prosperity to rural communities. Kurien’s expertise in modernizing milk processing technologies was instrumental in improving milk quality and establishing a robust supply chain.

His efforts resulted in the establishment of milk chilling centers, the development of the “Amul Model” for dairy cooperatives, and the creation of a sustainable dairy ecosystem. Both Kurien and Patel’s contributions to the dairy industry were widely recognized and honored. Kurien received numerous awards, including the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award and the World Food Prize.

Development and Changes Amul Brings to Society

Amul Founder Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel Dairy Industry Visionaries-4-getinstartup

Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation

Through their work, Kurien and Patel focused on rural development and poverty alleviation. By establishing dairy cooperatives, they provided a means of livelihood and income generation for farmers, particularly in rural areas. This helped uplift rural communities by providing them with a reliable source of income and improving their standard of living.

Technology Adoption and Modernization

Kurien emphasized the importance of adopting modern technology in the dairy sector. He introduced advanced milk processing techniques, such as pasteurization and the production of powdered milk, which improved the quality and shelf life of dairy products. This not only ensured better-quality products for consumers but also increased the value of farmers’ produce.

Empowerment of Women

Both Kurien and Patel recognized the vital role of women in the dairy sector. They actively encouraged the participation of women in cooperative societies and provided them with opportunities for skill development and income generation. This empowerment of women contributed to gender equality and women’s socio-economic advancement in rural areas.


The contributions of Verghese Kurien and Tribhuvandas Patel have had a lasting impact on India’s dairy industry, rural development, and socio-economic conditions of farmers. Their efforts have been recognized globally, and the cooperative model they championed continues to be influential in various sectors and countries.

The Amul founder were visionaries who saw the potential of dairy cooperatives to improve the lives of farmers and transform India’s economy. Their work has had a lasting impact on Indian society, and they are rightly regarded as two of the most important figures in Indian history

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